What exactly is an Appalachian Tea Ceremony and why might you want to come?

Well, tea ceremonies have been around for thousands of years, honoring the plant Camellia sinensis, better known as Tea, but in the Appalachian Tea Ceremony, we take the idea of tea time to another realm.  An herbal infusion is the liquid that we imbibe, and each ceremony honors a different plant, depending on the time of year. 

This idea of an Appalachian Tea Ceremony came to my friend and mentor Jessie Wilder, who invited me to co-create one with her at an annual summer gathering we attend. From that experience, I got the inspiration to host them every other week, so that we can continue to steep ourselves in plant wisdom year round. they are held promptly at 4pm, tea time.

The Ceremony is as much an infusion of the people who attend as it is of the herbs themselves. Each time it is a different feeling and experience. Depending on the weather, we offer the ceremony in Veritas Lodge or on the grounds/gardens of this beautiful farm. We sit on pillows on the floor or ground, although there are chairs for anyone who would like them- the most important thing is to feel comfortable. We take a few moments to be still and quiet and feel our breath moving in and out of us. Sometimes I sing a song. 

I make the teas before the ceremony, and have them prepared and ready to serve in thermoses. There will always be a single plant highlighted that is served first, and then later in the ceremony I will serve a blend with that special plant in it.

A more adequate name would be an Appalachian Herbal Infusion Ceremony but that doesn’t sound as catchy:-) An infusion is allowing the plant material to be steeped in hot water for half an hour to hours; herbal tea is when the plant material is steeped only for a few minutes, similar to how Tea is prepared. This is a local, medicinal, caffeine-free, open-hearted herbal opportunity for acknowledging the sacred in everyday. A time for slowing down and giving thanks and being present with whatever is bubbling up inside of you that day.

The little details of how we begin and end are left unwritten- please do come to the tea ceremony and find out for yourself!

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“One of the penalties of an ecological education is that one lives alone in a world of wounds. Much of the damage inflicted on land is quite invisible to laymen. An ecologist must either harden his shell and make believe that the consequences of science are none of his business, or he must be the doctor who sees the marks of death in a community that believes itself well and does not want to be told otherwise.”

                                                            -Aldo Leopold

When the Titanic sunk, the people on top were the last to admit it was even going down.

Remember when you would drive your car down the road in summer and your windshield would be covered in insects, or if you looked up at an outdoor light there were tons of insects swarming under them? Remember when the woods were full of songbirds?Remember when you were a child playing in your backyard and found all kinds of little critters and plants to explore, or saw thick flocks of birds passing by? Remember when that parking lot was a healthy forested ecosystem? Remember when that creek in your neighborhood teamed with life? 

As of 2019, we have lost over 40% of our insects, over 50% of the world’s forests, almost all the coral reefs, most of our topsoil as well as large mammals, plus thousands of other species- too many to name here. Not one day goes by that Hart and I aren’t grieving over the dis-ease of our world. This is Creation, holy, sacred ground, to be honored and stewarded with appreciation and respect for the web of life. 

This is a call for taking accountability and creating change. It is an appeal to look into our own daily lives and search for new ways of thinking and being. The planet’s health is shifting rapidly right before our eyes. This decline in health is a result of human endeavors. The sad, terrible news is that our beautiful, giving planet is dying, folks. If for some reason you do not believe this, unfortunately, each day that goes by will make the severity of this situation more and more apparent. “The Lorax” by Dr. Seuss is the most simple but powerful story I can think of to explain the state we are in.  

Because we have created the problem, it stands to reason we must also have it within us to create the solution. The bright, hopeful news is that each one of us can take action today to help heal our common home.

The keystone of healing our world and ourselves is a respect for all life. Water is life. Soil is life. Air is life. Insects are life. How generous this world is!! All of these things can live without us, but we cannot survive without them. It is time we treated the non-human world with that respect. Inherent respect for ourselves, each other and the ecosystem means we take care of us and protect us and act in accordance with natural law. 

It is possible to live in harmony with life.  “In God’s garden, there is a usefulness for everything and everyone.” Clarissa Pinkola Estés. It is possible. But how?

I don’t know all the answers, by any means, but I have some ideas of how we in the first world can shift this downward spiral of environmental disaster. It’s not in the hands of new legislation, political agreements or corporations. We make things so complex. It’s the simple things that make the difference, but however simple and accessible they are, without doing them collectively, it doesn’t work. It is in our hands. Right here and now. We have to unite on this one. 

Earth Stewards Unite and;

*Reach out to your Higher Power and ask for guidance each and every day for how to contribute to the health of all beings. 

*Do your very best to think beyond yourself into the web that holds you, and let your actions stem from there.

*Be forgiving of yourself and others, trust in the goodwill of one another.

*Spend time outdoors regularly observing nature.

*Eat something wild everyday, even if it is just chewing on a pine needle or popping a violet flower in your mouth. 

*Think through the need to drive your car here and there at any whim.

*Carpool, walk or take public transit. 

*Stop using synthetic detergents and cleaning products. Less harmful alternatives work just as well!

*Convert large mowed areas into wildflower meadows, forests or gardens.

*Have cloth napkins, handkerchiefs and rags. Observe your consumption of paper products.

*Stop using any sort of synthetic pesticide or herbicide. Period.

*Talk to your local electric company and put up no spray signs on your property. Work together with your neighbors to make no-spray corridors.

*Hang out your laundry on a line or hang it on a rack inside.

*Compost.

*Grow a garden, even if it’s a container garden. Or support your local farmers or both.

*Consider using an alternative to pressure-treated wood.

*Be mindful of how much trash you want to generate. Hang out at your local dump for an afternoon.

*Research what it takes to raise factory cattle, hogs and chickens if you eat meat.

*Give herbal medicine a chance.

*Vote for candidates who do not scowl and belittle others, but rather lift up the people and the planet as a whole.

 *Stop using new plastic bags. Period.

*Stop shopping at Amazon. If you are curious how this degrades the health of our planet, it starts by destroying the local economy. Visit An Unfair Advantage for more info.

*Thank the rivers and streams near you and notice if they are being cared for well. Be a voice for the voiceless.

*Examine your possessions. How much do you really need? Share. Consume less.

*If you have the means, donate to organizations or support businesses that are making a positive impact for the future of our dear planet.

*Sit still, be with yourself in silence, every day. 

*Live simply, so that others may simply live.

*Keep asking for guidance to be a grateful and attentive steward of this magnificent gift of a planet.

*Smile. It makes your eyes sparkle and Divine shine through:-)

As Secretary-General Antonio Guterres of the UN says, “I count on you all.”

Closing the door to one year and stepping over the threshold into a new one is refreshing in a lot of ways- it gives a chance for pause and reflection, a chance to see the highs and lows of the year past and what might be done differently in the upcoming one.

For Herb Mountain Farm, 2018 was a year of manifestation. A vision that Hart and I had been working on since 2013 finally came into being. It was the Chinese Year of the Dog—when stability, loyalty and integrity supposedly hold the prevailing winds. 

It started with us trying to secure a loan to finish the project and by February, one was underway with Mountain BizWorks, who graciously walked us through creating a business plan and setting foundations for a successful business. We are ever grateful to Mountain BizWorks for their faith in what we wanted to do and for giving us a large loan to complete the last leg!

In March, we hired Peggy Davis to help get the project off the ground and help run Veritas Lodge once we were open. When Peggy applied for the position of Veritas Lodge Support, I couldn’t believe it. Peggy Davis on our team? How could we be so fortunate? Well, I had visioned and prayed for the best possible person, so why should I be so surprised? Peggy’s help this year has been significant in the actual birthing of the Learning and Lodging center. I do not think we could have done it without her positive energy, creative approaches and hard working ethic. We will forever be indebted to you, Peggy!

In April, the actual loan came through and by May 1, we were hiring more hands to get the building and the grounds ready!! The bulk of the work took place May through October with about as many setbacks as progresses. In June, long term Buchi kombucha tenants moved out of a residential home on the property (where Hart’s mother and father used to live) and so we had that building,  plus the big warehouse, plus Veritas Lodge, sitting empty with no income and were trying not to die of stress. We had wanted to turn that house into another venue eventually, a smaller venue, but weren’t prepared to do it so soon! 

And of course, the grass and weeds were growing a mile a minute! Not only did we want to keep the grass and weeds under some sort of control, we were starting new gardens and hedgerows, as well as tending dozens of old gardens, and Hart was growing food for an army thinking we would be open by September and he would feed the masses! Thank the heavens for the hard work of Chris Ripley, Lucas Chute, Kaita Collier and Peggy, who stepped in with me and Hart to keep the place cultivated. We got 70 inches of rainfall this year!! Things grew and fell over at an alarming rate while some rotted and some plants thrived.

There were way too many projects flapping around to open in September, so there was a ton of vegetables to eat up ourselves, and share, and we are still harvesting from Hart’s rich garden! Wanna buy any winter squash?;-)

Jessica Falcon moved into the recently vacated studio part of the home mentioned earlier that was once Hart’s parents, and helped get the energy moving along on that building to turn it into a rental. She worked week after week, with a team of us, to help transform that place into a cozy venue, and by December, it was ready! Her vision of seeing the house clean, beautiful, welcoming and ready to go really helped carry the energy forward, as at first, the idea of taking on yet another project just overwhelmed me so, I didn’t want to approach it! It is now named Magnolia, as the building is built with our native Magnolia tree, the Tulip Tree, and also there are Tulip Magnolias (what some folks call Tulip Poplars but it is not a poplar) and other Magnolia trees growing all around.

Then there was the warehouse to give our attention. We can’t just let that 5000 plus square foot building sit there! The rainy year and the medicinal mushroom project had left it in the poorest condition it had ever been. But Hart was determined he could, with the help of Jonathan and Chris, reclaim it and have it ready to rent again. Emerson Naturals, a local herbal ingredient distributor for cosmetics, incense and soaps, signed a lease to begin renting in January 2019, and so we had a fire lit under us. Here it is December 31st and there is still one full long day of work left to get it ready by tomorrow. When will rest ever come?

In the process, we had to let the bathhouse sit, and not finish it yet, as we ran out of money. But everything else is up and ready to go! 

Now the energy will be turned toward marketing- how do we get people here to come use this place we have so lovingly created? Marketing is not my cup of tea- gardening, yoga, ceremony, organizing, writing, tea- yes all that is. I am trying to figure out how to use some of those skills to embark on the fine marketing plan Mountain BizWorks helped us create. For the moment, everything is just sitting here, waiting….

I see groups coming here and renting both buildings and the grounds, sort of like a very miniature Eselan Institute, to have their workshops, retreats, gatherings, classes etc…They can settle in for the week and immerse into whatever field of study they have chosen. We will feed them and tend the gardens and trails so that they have a remarkable place to be held and nourished while they are away from their everyday grind. 

So that is a brief overview of 2018 from the Farms’s standpoint. What is the year in review like for you? I hope you will take time to reflect on and integrate the ups and downs of 2018 and set intentions for 2019.

In 2019, some of our goals are to finish the bathhouse, continue cultivating these beautiful gardens, make the trail to Onion Rock more accessible, have biweekly Appalachian Tea Ceremonies and Community Acupuncture and of course, fill up our venue and feed and inspire people!

Blessed 2019 to you and yours!

Who among us is not in intimate relationship with the plant kindom? (Yes, that’s kindom, not kingdom, as we are all akin).

Humans could not survive without the plants, and yet, they could survive fine without us. And despite this, they continue to give of themselves century after century, generation after generation, bringing to our lives breathable, clean air, clothing, shelter, beauty, medicine, food, petrol products (ancient, decayed plants) and more.

Whether you acknowledge it or not, everyone of us is having a close relationship with plants. And if this is so, if Plants are our Allies, then why aren’t we as a nation honoring them more?

We have gotten off track of what’s important, and this is a Call to bring us back into seeing plants as allies and treating them as such.

Here are 10 Ideas of how to do that, if you aren’t already.

1)Appreciate the plants and trees around you. Give thanks! Appreciation is fundamental to healthy relationships. 

2)Don’t harm them. Namely, don’t kill them with poisons. Yes, weeding out specific plants for desired habitat is an ongoing human thing- but this spraying of poison is new and dangerous and changing life as we know it into a toxic soup.

3)Get to know one or more plants right outside your door or window and observe them throughout the seasons- let them tell you their story. Be still. Observe. Ponder.

4)Grow a plant(s) or tree(s) that you are drawn to, and again, let it teach you who it is and what it needs and has to offer.

5)Tell your neighbors and friends about your plant allies- spread the word!

6)Create art in response to your relationship with certain plants. You don’t have to be an “artist”- you can make a mandala with leaves, a flower arrangement, a garden, photographs, pressed plants, drawings etc…There are endless ways of how to be creative with nature.

7)Find a plant(s) you are excited about thats wild, and edible, and start eating it regularly! Bring it to your table!

8)Make medicine from a plant near you. You can make a tea (infusion), tincture, salve, oil, poultice, or any number of things, to help heal an ill or prevent a sickness.

9)Smell them. Walk around and smell the plants. Your olfactory nerves will trigger ancient information in your DNA that helps you recall how connected you are to plants.

10)Give them Offerings. With an ally, giving gifts is common. Use your voice with song or praise, blow your finest kiss to them, bring corn or tobacco or another gift to their base, say a prayer, bring them fertilizer- offer them your love and care!

Green Blessings!

We chose to call our farm a Learning and Lodging Center, an alternative way of saying Retreat Center, in the hopes it would draw folks here looking for not only a place to rest and renew, but to also learn about and find something of meaning to take back out into the world and share with others. As we try to get the word out that we are here as a venue, Google and Instagram and everything of that nature has specific categories you can choose from to describe your business— it wont let you write in your own. So Learning and Lodging Center and Botanical Sanctuary is not on their list, surprise! So we chose Retreat Center, and we interchange this description where we can, with what feels more descriptive to us- a Learning and Lodging Center. 

Retreat Centers were originally established by religious practitioners, to have a place to retreat to, away from their everyday lives, to pray and to renew their connection to God. In the past several decades, Retreats have sprung up in all manner of styles. The intention remains the same, however, to step away from our day to day and be immersed in a connection to something dear to one’s heart, whether it be writing, painting, meditation, yoga, cooking and so on.

This act of making time away from the daily grind, to explore something you are passionate about and dedicate your day or days to that subject, is an investment in your well being and the well being of those around you. Its a gift that we can surely use in this day and age when things are moving so rapidly and self-care and focused study are not woven into our culture’s daily norm.

We have laid a strong foundation here at Herb Mountain Farm, for you to come and lead and/or partake of a learning and lodging experience, a retreat, a time away from the usual, a dedication to feeding your soul.

We are keeping it intimate though, as parking and lodging are limiting factors here. Not only that, our greatest passion is the Botanical Sanctuary side of our Farm, and when large numbers of people gather, plants often get trampled, it’s harder to stay on the trails, and we end up losing some of the diversity we’ve worked so hard on cultivating. We had someone call yesterday and ask if they could hold their retreat here of 70 people and I shared that there are other great venues nearby that could accommodate that much, but not here. We can sleep up to 17 and the teaching studio and dining room can hold up to 25. Our grounds can accommodate more, but still, we are a small, intimate venue.

We are so excited to see what groups or organizations choose Herb Mountain Farm as their Learning and Lodging Center for their workshop, event, gathering, conference etc…Everything is new and fresh here and awaiting the arrival of nature-loving people! 

Hello everyone! Thank you so so much for visiting our website and checking out what we are up to here at Herb Mountain Farm!

In 2014, Luke Cannon, aka Luke Leaning Deer, helped us compile a species list of who we have met on the property, excluding the obvious – humans – :). Over the past four years, Marc Williams has been a valued investor in not only updating this list, but bringing plants to help broaden it! (And at times planting them, too!)

It begins with a description of our farm, and then a list, starting with trees and shrubs, of all perennials here, as well as some animal life! Enjoy! This list is continually being updated, a true living document!


Species Inventory of Herb Mountain Farm in Weaverville, North Carolina, 2019

(Begun in 2014)

Compiled by Luke Cannon, Marc Williams and Mary Morgaine Squire

This list begins a general survey of the biota of Herb Mountain Farm Botanical Sanctuary. The property, starting at roughly 2,600ft and rising to about 3,800ft, is primarily of West facing slopes but also includes some South,  Northeast and North facing slopes. Herb Mountain peak rises to about 4,200ft just above, which is one of the major ridges of the Craggy Mountain range, just to the East. 

The property of 138 acres primarily consists of young Mixed Pine Oak forest but also includes cultivated gardens and residential, retreat and educational infrastructures along the flatter Western edge. Areas of older growth and Rich Cove forest offer higher diversity within the woodland, especially within coves along the drainages. Onion Rock, a Rocky Outcrop/Escarpment, exists along the upper ridge at about 3,600ft which deserves further investigation for uncommon species.  There are two smaller westwardly draining streams, Banjo Branch and Dry Branch, that converge on the property in the wooded area of the Nature Trail, just below the old home site(stone chimney) before running down to Maney Branch.  The Nature Trail makes a mile-long loop around the lower end of the property.

With hope this list will continue to grow and serve to aid those who will steward and enjoy this land for generations to come.

Trees, shrubs and plants are listed in alphabetical order under their scientific names by family, then genus, species and common name. Rare plants for the Appalachians will be indicated as “Rare”; plants of non-native or cultivated status will have an * following their names and “Invasive” if they are particularly so.  Plants that were only keyed to genus will be labeled with “sp.” following the generic name. Species of concern refers to its increase in dying or showing excess disease or insect damage. Only perennial or self-seeding annuals are listed. Mushrooms and fungi will be listed similarly. Noted Birds are listed by their common names. More Ferns, Grasses, Rushes, Sedges, Minerals, Invertebrates and Fauna, as well as Flora, are hoped to be added in time. 

Trees and Shrubs: 

Adoxaceae 

Sambucus canadensis, Common Elderberry

Viburnum acerifolium, Maple-leaved Viburnum

Viburnum dentata, Arrowwood

Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw

Viburnum rhytidophyllum, Leatherleaf Viburnum

Viburnum trilobum, High Bush Cranberry or Crampbark

Viburnum X pragense, Prague Vibernum

Anacardiaceae

Rhus glabra, Smooth Sumac 

Rhus typhina, Staghorn Sumac

Annonaceae

Asimina triloba, Common Paw-Paw

Aquifoliaceae

Illex crenata, Japanese Holly*

Illex decidua, Winter Holly

Illex meservaea, Blue Maid HolliesIllex opaca, American Holly

Berberidaceae

Berberis thunbergia, Barberry Bagatelle*

Nandina domestica, Heavenly Bamboo*

Betulaceae

Alnus sp., Alder

Betula lenta, Sweet Birch

Betula nigra, River Birch

Carpinus caroliniana, Musclewood

Corylus americana or cornuta, Mt. Hazelnut

Ostrya virginiana, Hop Hornbeam

Buxaceae

Buxus semoervirens, Boxwood*

Sarcococca hookeriana, Pumila Sweetbox*

Calycanthaceae

Calycanthus floridus, Sweetshrub or Sweetbubbas or Carolina Allspice

Cannabaceae

Celtis sp. Hackberry

Celastraceae

Euonymus atropurpureus, Burning Bush or Wahoo

Cornaceae

Cornus alternifolia, Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood

Cornus florida,  Flowering Dogwood (species of concern)

Cornus Kousa*

Cornus mas, Cornelian Cherry

Cornus sericea, Red-osier Dogwood, Red Gnome variety 

Cupressaceae

Chamaecyparis pisifera, Vintage Gold Cypress*

Juniperus chinensis, Angelica Blue Juniper*

Juniperus conferta, Gold Coast*

Juniperus horizontales, Gold strike*

Juniperus virginiana, Eastern Red Cedar

Thuja spp., ArborVitae*

Ebenaceae

Diospyros virginiana, Persimmon

Diospyros spp., Oriental Persimmons* 

Ericaceae

Kalmia latifolia, Mountain Laurel

Rhododendron calendulaceum, Flame azalea

Oxydendron arboreum, Sourwood

Rhododendron austrinum, Southern Flame Azaela 

Rhododendron maximum, Rosebay Rhododendron or Great Laurel

Rhododendron periclymenoides, Pinxter Azaela

Rhododendron sp., Swamp Azaela

Rhododendron spp., Rhododendron 

Vaccinium corymbosum, Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium spp., Blueberries*

Fabaceae

Albizia julibrissin, Mimosa

Caragana arborescens, Siberian Pea Shrub*

Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud

Robinia pseudoacacia, Black Locust (species of concern)

Fagaceae

Castanea mollisima, Chinese Chestnut*

Fagus grandifolia, American Beech

Quercus alba, White Oak (species of concern)

Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak

Quercus montana, Chestnut Oak

Quercus rubra, Northern Red Oak

Quercus velutina, Black Oak

Gingkoaceae

Ginko biloba, Gingko*

Grossulariaceae 

Ribes rotundifolium, Appalachian Gooseberry

Hamamelidaceae

Fothergilla sp., Witch Alder

Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel

Hydrangeaceae

Hydrangea quercifolia, Oak Leaf Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens, Wild Hydrangea

Hydrangea spp., Ornamental varieties

Philadelphus inodorus, Scentless Mock Orange

Illiaceae

Illicium floridium, Star Anise Tree*

Iteaceae

Itea virginica, Virginia Sweetspire 

Juglandaceae

Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Carya tomentosa, Mockernut Hickory

Carya illinoinensis, Pecan

Juglans nigra, Black Walnut

Lamiaceae

Clerodendrum sp., Glorybower*

Lauraceae

Lindera benzoin, Spicebush

Sassafras albidum, Sassafras

Lythraceae

Lagerstromeia indica, Crepe Myrtle Siren Red Whit VII*

Magnoliaceae 

Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree

Magnolia acuminata, Cucumber Magnolia

Magnolia fraseri, Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia or Wahoo

Magnolia grandifolia, Southern Magnolia*

Magnolia macrophylla, Umbrella Magnolia

Magnolia liliifolia, Japanese Magnolia*

Magnolia stellata, Star Magnolia*

Malvaceae

Hibiscus syriacus, Rose of Sharon*

Tilia heterophyllia, Appalachian Basswood or Linden

Tilia sp., European cultivar*

Moraceae

Ficus carina, Dessert King*

Morus alba, White Mulberry (species of concern)

Morus rubra, Red Mulberry

Nyssaceae

Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum or Tupelo

Oleaceae

Abeliophylum distichum, White Forsythia*

Chionanthus virginicus, Fringe Tree or Grandaddy Graybeard

Forsythia sp., Forsythia*

Fraxinus americana, White Ash 

Fraxinus spp., Ash (species of concern)

Ligustrum sinense, Privet* Invasive

Syringa sp., Lilac*

Pinaceae

Picea glauca, Dwarf Alberta Spruce*

Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine

Pinus virginiana, Scrub Pine

Tsuga canadensis, Eastern Hemlock (species of concern)

Tsuga canadensis, Weeping Hemlock ‘Pendulum”*

Tsuga caroliniana, Carolina Hemlock (this species is at risk of becoming threatened and endangered, worldwide)

Platanaceae

Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore

Rosaceae

Amelanchier arborea, Tree Serviceberry or Juneberry

Aronia sp., Chokeberry

Crataegus spp., Hawthorn

Kerria japonica, Yellow Rose of Texas*

Malus sp., Apple*

Physocarpus opulifolius, Ninebark

Prunus armeniaca, Apricot* 

Prunus avium, Bird Cherry

Prunus pensylvanica, Fire Cherry

Prunus serotina, Black Cherry (species of concern)

Prunus sp., Cherry*

Prunus sp., Native Plum

Prunus tomentosa, Nanking Cherry

Pyrus communis, Pear*

Rosa multiflora, Multiflora Rose* Invasive

Rosa rugosa, Rugosa Rose*

Rosa virginiana, Virginia Rose

Rosa spp., Rose Ornamentals*

Rubus occidentalis, Black Cap Raspberry 

Rubus phoenicolasius, Wineberry*

Rubus sp., Blackberry*

Rubus sp., Raspberry*

 Sorbus americana, Rowan or Mountain Ash

Spirea prunifolia, Old-Fashioned Bridle Wreath Spirea*

Rubiaceae

Cephalanthus occidentalis, Buttonbush

Gardenia jasmanoides, Gardenia*

Rutacee

Ptelea trifoliata Wafer Ash or Hoptree

Poncirus trifoliata, Flying Dragon or Trifoliate Orange*

Salicaceae

Salix babylonia, Weeping Willow

Salix caprea, Dwarf Pussy Willow*

Salix discolor, Pussy Willow

Salix sp., Willow

Sapindaceae

Acer japonica, Japanese Maple Vitifolium

Acer negundo, Eastern Box Maple or Box Elder 

Acer pensylvanicum, Striped Maple

Acer rubrum, Red Maple

Acer saccharinum, Silver Maple

Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple

Aesculus sylvatica, Painted Buckeye

Koelreuteria paniculata, Goldenrain Tree*

Simaroubaceae 

Ailanthus altissima, Tree of Heaven* Invasive

Styracaceae

Halesia tetraptera, Carolina Silverbell

Styrax americanus, American Snowbell

Taxaceae

Taxus sp., Yew*

Theaceae

Cammelia sinensis, Tea* 

Stewartia sp., Stewartia (species of concern)

Thymelaeaceae

Daphne odora, Daphne

Dirca palustris, Leatherwood

Ulmaceae

Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm

Plants:

Acanthaceae

Ruellia caroliniensis, Carolina Wild Petunia

Acoraceae

Acorus calamus, Sweet Flag or Calamus

Agavaceae

Camassia scilloides, Eastern Camas or Quamash Lily

Hosta spp., Hosta*

Yucca filamentosa, Yucca*

          

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus spp.

Amaryllidaceae 

Allium spp., Ornamentals*

Allium tricoccum, Ramps

Allium vineale, Field Garlic or Wild Onion*

Narcissus pseudonarcissus, Daffodil

Anacardiaceae

Toxicodendron radicans, Eastern Poison Ivy

Apiaceae 

Angelica archangelica, Angelica*

Cryptotaenia canadensis, Honewort

Daucus carota, Queen Anne’s Lace

Eryngium yuccifolium, Rattlesnake Master

Ligusticum canadense, Appalachian Osha or Angelico

Myrrhis odorata, European Sweet Cicely*

Osmorhiza claytoni, Sweet Cicely

Pastinaca sativa, Wild Parsnip

Sanicula canadensis, Short-styled Snakeroot 

Zizia aurea, Common Golden Alexander 

Apocynaceae 

Amsonia tabernaemontana, Blue Star

Apocynum cannibinum, Dogbane

Asclepias exaltata, Poke Leaved Milkweed*

Asclepias incarnata, Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca, Common Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa, Butterfly Weed

Asclepias verticulata, Whorled Milkweed

Vinca Minor, Vinca or Periwinkle 

Araceae 

Amorphophallus sp., Voodoo Lily*

Arisaema dracontium, Green Dragon

Arisaema triphyllum,  Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip 

Araliaceae 

Aralia racemosa, Spikenard

Aralia spinosa, Devil’s Walking Stick

Hedera helix, English Ivy*

Eleuthrococcus sp., Siberian Ginseng*

Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng   

Aristolochiaceae

Isotrema macrophyllum, Dutchman’s Pipevine

Asarum canadense,  Wild Ginger

Asparagaceae

Hesperaloe parviflora, Red Yucca

Maianthemum racemosum, Solomon’s Plume

Polygonatum biflorum or pubescens, Solomon’s Seal

Asphodelaceae

Asphoedelus albus, Asphodel*

Asteraceae

Achillea borealis, Native Yarrow 

Achillea millifolium, Yarrow

Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Common Ragweed *(Invasive)

Ambrosia trifida, Great Ragweed

Anacyclus pyrethrum, Pelliatory*

Antennaria spp., Rosy Pussy-Toes

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium, Pale Indian Plantain

Artemisia annual, Sweet Annie*

Artemisia vulgaris, Mugwort*

Artemisia absinthium, Wormwood*

Arctium minus, Common Burdock*

Aster pilosus, White Heath Aster

Bidens frondosa,  Beggar’s Ticks 

Centaurea cyanus, Bachelor’s Button*

Chrysanthemum morifolium, Gong-ju-hua and Bo-ju-hua*

Chrysogonum virginianum, Green and Gold

Cichorium intybus, Chicory

Cirsium discolor,  Field thistle*

Cirsium sp., Thistle

Conoclinum coelestinum, Blue Mist Flower or Hardy Ageratum

Coreopsis major,  Whorled Coreopsis

Coreopsis sp., Ornamentals*

Dahlia pinnata, Dahlia*

Echinacea angustifolia, Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower

Echinacea laevigata, Native Appalachian Echinacea

Echinacea paradoxa, Ozark Coneflower

Echinacea pursuer, Eastern Purple Coneflower

Echinacea tennesseensis, Tennesse Purple Coneflower

Elephantopus tomentosa/corolinianus, Elephant’s Foot

Erechtites heirachifolia, Pilewort

Erigeron annus, Annual Fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus, Daisy Fleabane

Eupatorium perfoliatum, Boneset

Eupatorium serotinum, Thoroughwort or Late Boneset

Eurybia divaricata, Common White Heart-leaved Aster or Wood Aster

Eutrochium maculatum, Spotted Joe-Pye Weed

Eutrochium steelei, Appalchian Joe-Pye Weed

Galinsoga ciliata,  Galinsoga or Quickweed 

Helianthus augustifolia, Swamp Sunflower

Helianthus maximilianii,  Maximillian Sunflower

Helianthus mollis, Ashy Sunflower

Helianthus tuberosa, Jerusalem Artichoke

Heliopsis helianthoides, Oxeye Sunflower

Hieracium venous, Rattlesnake weed

Inula helenium, Elecampane

Lactuca canadense, Wild Lettuce

Leucanthemum vulgare, Ox-Eyed Daisy*

Liatris aspera, Rough Blazing Star

Liatris pycnostachya, Prairie Blazing Star

Liatris spicata, Blazing Star or Gayfeather

Lonactis linarifolius, Stiff-leaved Aster

Nablus latissimus, White Lettuce or Gall of the Earth

Packera aurea, Golden Ragwort

Parthenium integrifolium, Wild Quinine

Pityopsis graminifolia, Narrow-leaf Silk Grass

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium,  Rabbit Tobacco or Sweet Everlasting

Ratibida pinnata, Prairie Coneflower or Gray-headed Coneflower

Rudbeckia hirta, Black Eyed Susan

Rudbeckia laciniata,  Sochan or Tall Yellow Coneflower 

Santolina chamaecyparissus, Lavender Cotton

Silphium laciniatum, Compass Plant

Silphium perfoliatum, Cup Plant

Smallanthus uvedalia, Leafcup or Bear’s Foot 

Silybum marianum, Milk Thistle

Solidago canadensis,  Canada Goldenrod

Solidago sp. Goldenrods

Solidago speciosa, Showy Goldenrod

 Sonchus oleraceus,  Common Sow Thistle*  

 Stokesia laevis, Stoke’s Aster*

Symphyotrichum puniceum, Swamp Aster

 Tanacetum parthenium, Feverfew

 Tanacetum vulgare, Tansy 

 Taraxacum officinale, Dandelion*

 Verbesina alternifolia, Wingstem

 Vernonia altissima, Ironweed

 Xanthium spinosum/strumarium, Cockleburr

Balsaminaceae

Impatiens capensis, Spotted Jewelweed 

Impatiens pallida, Pale or Yellow Jewelweed

Berberidaceae

Caulophyllum thalictroides, Blue Cohosh

Epimedium sp., Horny Goat Weed

Jeffersonia diphylla, Twin Leaf

Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple  

Bignoniaceae

Campsis radicans, Trumpet Vine

Boraginaceae  

Cynoglossum virginiana, Hound’s Tounge

Hydrophyllum sp., Waterleaf

Mertensia virginica, Virginia Bluebells

Myosotis sp., Forget-Me-Not*

Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fern-leaved Phacelia 

Pulmonaria officinalis, Lungwort

Symphytum officinale, Comfrey 

Brassicaceae

Alliaria petiolata,  Garlic Mustard*

Amoracia rusticana, Horseradish

Barbarea verna or vulgaris, Cress

Brassica rapa, Field Mustard*

Capsella bursa-pastoris, Shephard’s Purse

Cardamine laciniata, Cut-leaved Toothwort

Cardamine pensylvanica, Pennsylvania Watercress

Iberis sempervirens, Candytuft

Lepedium campestre, Resourceful Person’s Pepper

Lunaria annua, Money Plant*

Buxaceae

Pachysandra procumbens, Allegheny Spurge

Cactaceae

Cylindropunita imbricata, Tree Cholla*

Cylindropunita x viridiflora, Rat Tail Cholla*

Echincereus triglochidiatus, King Cup Cactus*

Opuntia spp., Prickly Pear

Campanulaceae 

Campanula americana, Tall Bellflower

Campanula divericata, Southern Harebell

Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower

Lobelia inflata, Indian Tobacco

Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica, Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia spp., Lobelia

Triodanis perfoliata, Venus Looking Glass

Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera japonica, Japanese Honeysuckle*  Invasive

Lonicera sempervirens, Southeastern Native Honeysuckle or Coral Honeysuckle

Centranthus ruber, Jupiter’s Beard or Red Valerian

Diervilla sessifolia, Bush Honeysuckle

Dipsacus fullonum, Teasle

Patrinia scabiosifolia, Golden Valerian*

Valeriana jamansii, Indian Valerian*

Valeriana officinalis, Valerian*

Weigelia sp.*

Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare, Mouse-eared chickweed

Dianthus armeria, Deptford Pink

Dianthus spp., Sweet William*

Saponaria officinalis, Bouncing Bet or Soapwort

Silene caroliniana, Wild Pink, Catchfly

Silene virginica, Fire Pink

Silene vulgaris, Maiden’s Tears*

Stellaria media, Common Chickweed

Stellaria pubera, Great Chickweed

 

Celastraceae

Celastrus orbiculatus, Oriental Bittersweet* Invasive

Euonymus fortunei, Wintercreeper* Invasive

Chenopodiaceae 

Chenopodium album, Lamb’s Quarter or Goose-foot* 

Cleomaceae

Cleome hassleriana, Spider flower or Pink Queen* Invasive

Colchicaceae 

Uvularia perfoliata, Perfoliate Bellwort 

Uvularia sessilifolia, Sessile Bellwort

Commelinaceae 

Commelina communis, Asiatic Dayflower*

Tradescantia, Spiderwort

Convolvulaceae 

Calystegia spp., Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis, Morning Glory

Cuscuta sp., Dodder

Ipomoea coccinea, Small Red Morning Glory* 

Ipomoea purpurea,  Common Morning Glory

Crassulaceae 

Hylotelephium telephioides, Allegheny Stonecrop. Locally Rare

Sedum telephioides, Live Forever

Sedum ternatum, Wild Stonecrop 

Cucurbitaceae

Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Jiaogulan* (INVASIVE!)

Cyperaceae 

Carex pensylvanica, Pennsylvania Sedge

Carex plantaginea, Plantain Leaved Sedge 

Carex spp., Sedges

Diapensiaceae 

Galax urceolata, Galax

Shortia galacifolia, Oconee Bells

Dioscoraceae 

Dioscorea polystachya, Cinnamon-vine, Air Potato*   

Dioscorea villosa, Wild Yam

Droseraceae

Dionaea sp., Pink flowering Sundew

Ephedraceae

Ephedra sp., Mahuang

Equisetaceae

Equesitum hyemale affinis, Scouring Rush

Ericaceae

Chimaphila maculata, Striped Pipsissewa

Gaultheria procumbens, Wintergreen

Leucothoe fontanesiana, Dog Hobble

Monotropa hypopitys, Pine Sap

Monotropa uniflora, Ghost Pipe or Indian Pipe

Pieris japonica, Japanese Andromeda*

Euphorbiaceae 

Acalypha sp., Three-seeded Mercury

Euphorbia corollata, Flowering Spurge

Euphorbia cyparissias, Graveyard Plant or Cypress Spurge

Euphorbia lathyris, Mole Plant or Gopher Spurge

Ricinus communis, Castor Bean*  

Fabaceae

Amphicarpa bracteata, Hog Peanut

Apios americana, Groundnut

Astragalus propinquus, Astragalus*

Baptisia australis, Wild Indigo

Baptisia leucantha, White False Indigo

Cassia hebecarpa, Wild Senna

Desmanthus illinoensis, Prairiehuasca*

Desmodium nudiflorum, Naked Flower Tick Trefoil

Genista tinctoria, Dyer’s Broom

Lathyrus latifolia, Sweet Pea

Lupinus spp., Lupines*

Securigera varia, Crown Vetch*

Thermopsis villosa, Golden Banner

Trifolium campestre, Low Hop Clover

Trifolium pratense, Red Clover

Trifolium repens, White Clover

Vicia sp., Vetch

Wisteria frutescens, Native Wisteria

Gentianaceae 

Gentian sp., True Blue Gentian

Gentiana andrewsii, Andrew’s Gentian or Bottle Gentian

Gentiana tibetica, Tibetan Gentian*

Obolaria virginica,  Woodland Pennywort or Coy Gentian

Sabatia angularis, Rose Gentian or Rose Pink  

Geraniaceae 

Geranium maculatum, Wild Geranium

Geranium molle, Dove’s Foot Geranium

Hyacinthaceae

Muscari atlanticum, Grape Hyacinth

Ornithogalum umbellatum, Star of Bethlehem

Hypericaceae

Hypericum perforatum, St. John’s Wort*

Hypericum punctatum, Spotted Saint John’s Wort 

Iridaceae 

Crocosmia sp.,  Lucifer’s Tongue

Iris cristata,  Dwarf Crested Iris 

Iris fulva, Copper Iris

Iris pseudoacorus, Yellow Flag*

Iris spp., multiple varieties all over property*

Juncaceae 

Juncus effusus, Soft Rush (by lower pond) 

Juncus tenuis, Path Rush 

Lamiaceae

Agastache foeniculum, Anise Hyssop*

Blephilia ciliata or hirsuta, Downy wood mint

Collinsonia canadensis,  Richweed or Horsebalm or Stoneroot 

Glechoma hederacea,  Ground Ivy or Alehoof or Gill Over the Ground  

Lamium aplexicaule, Henbit

Lamium purpureum, Purple Dead Nettle*

Lavandula spp., Lavender* (Munstead, Elegance Purle, Czech

Leonurus cardiaca, Motherwort*

Leonurus japonicus, Chinese Motherwort*

Leonurua sibericus, Siberian Motherwort* Invasive 

Lycopus europaeus, European Bugleweed or Gypsywort*

Lycopus virginicus, Bugleweed

Melissa officianlis, Lemon Balm

Mentha longifolia, Habek Biblical Mint*

Mentha piperita, Peppermint

Mentha spp., Mints* Invasive

Monarda didyma, Bee Balm or Oswego Tea*

Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamot

Nepeta cataria, Catnip*

Ocimum sanctum, Holy Basil*

Origanum vulgare, Oregano*

Perilla frutescans, Shiso*

Perovskia atriplicifolia, Russian Sage*

Physostegia virginiana, Obedient Plant  

Prunella vulgaris, Heal-All or Self Heal

Pycnanthemum muticum, Clustered Mountain Mint

Pycnanthemum sp., Mountain Mint

Rosmarinus spp., Rosemary*

Salvia lyrata or urticifolia, Lyre Leaf Sage

Salvia officinalis, Garden Sage*

Salvia sclarea, Clary Sage*

Salvia spp., Ornamental Sages*

Scutellaria baicalensis, Chinese Skullcap*

Scutellaria elliptica, Hairy Skullcap

Scutellaria lateriflora, Mad Dog Skullcap

Scutellaria parvula var. leonardii, Shale Barren Skullcap

Thymus spp., Thyme*    

Liliaceae 

Chamelirium luteum, False Unicorn Root

Erythronium sp., Trout Lily

Hemerocallis fulva, Day Lily

Lilium superbum, Turk’s Cap Lily

Liriope muscari, Liriope*

Medeola virginiana, Wild or Indian Cucumber

Polygonatum kingianum, Huang Jing* 

Prosartes lanuginosa, Yellow Mandarin or Fairy Bells

Uvularia sessifolia, Sessile Bellwort

Uvularia sp., Bellwort

 

Loganiaceae

Spigelia marilandica, Indian Pink

Malvaceae

Hibiscus coccineus, Swamp Hibiscus

Hibiscus spp., Ornamental and Native varieties

Hibiscus trionum, Flower-of-an-Hour

Malva neglecta,  Common Mallow or Cheese Mallow

Sida sp., Sida

Melanthiaceae 

Veratrum viride, White Hellebore or Cornhusk-lily 

Montiaceae

Claytonia virginica, Spring Beauty

Phemeranthus sp. (probably teretifolius).  Appalachian Rock Pink or Flame Flower.  This species, though not rare, is restricted to rocky outcrops in our area. One specimen found at Onion Rock.   

Myricaceae

Comptonia peregrina, Sweet Fern

Onagraceae

Circaea quadrisulcata or lutetiana, Enchanter’s Nightshade 

Gaura biennis, Beeblossom

Ludwigia alternifolia, Seedbox

Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose

Onethera fremontii, Shimmer*

Oenothera fruticosa, Sundrops

Oenothera speciosa, Pink Ladies

Orchidaceae

Aplectrum hyemale, Adam and Eve or Puttyroot   

Cypripedium acaule, Pink Lady’s Slippers

Goodyera pubescens, Rattlesnake Orchid  

Galearis spectabilis, Showy Orchid   

Tipularia discolor, Cranefly Orchid

Orobanchaceae 

Aureolaria flava, False-foxglove or Oak-leech

Conopholis americana, Bear Corn 

Epifagus virginiana, Beechdrops

Orobanche minor, Common Broomrape 

Pedicularis canadensis, Lousewort 

Oxalidaceae 

Oxalis spp., Wood Sorrel

Paeoniaceae

Paeonia sp., Peony*

Papaveraceae  

Dicentra canadensis, Squirrel Corn

 Dicentra cucullaria, Dutchmans Breeches

Dicentra spectabilis, White and Pink Bleeding Hearts

Eschscholzia californica, California Poppy*

Macleaya cordata, Plume Poppy*

Papaver rhoeas, Common Poppy*

Papavar sominferum, Opium Poppy*

Papavar orientale, Oriental Poppy*

Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot

Stylophorum diphyllum, Wood Poppy or Celandine 

Passifloraceae

Passiflora incarnata, Passionflower

Phrymaceae 

Mimulus sp., Monkey Flower

Phryma leptostachya, Lopseed  

Phytolaccaceae 

Phytolacca americana, Pokeweed

Plantaginaceae

Aureolaria virginia, Downy False Foxglove

Chelone lyonii, Turtlehead

Chelone spp., Turtlehead

Digitalis purpurea, Foxglove*

Penstemon spp., Beardtongue

Penstemon calycosus, Longsepal Beardtongue

Penstemon hirsutus, Hairy Beardtongue 

Plantago lanceolata, Lance Leaf Plantain

Plantago major, Wide Leaf Plantain

Plantago rugelii, Black Seed Purple Stem Wide Plantain

Veronica americana, American Brookline

Veronica beccabunga, Water Forget-Me-Not

Veronica peduncularis, Georgia Blue*

Veronica persica, Birds Eye Speedwell

Veronica serpyllifolia, Thyme-leaved Veronica*

Veronicatrum virginicum, Culver’s Root

Plumbaginaceae

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides, Plumbago

Poaceae

Anthoxanthum odorata, Eastern Vernal Sweetgrass

Arundinaria gigantea, Rivercane

Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-Tongue Grass

Dichanthelium sp., Witch Grass

Heirochloe odorata, Ceremonial Sweetgrass*

Leymus arenerius, Blue Lyme Grass*

Microstegium vimineum,  Japanese Stilt Grass*

Miscanthus sinensis,  Chinese Silver Grass*  Invasive

Panicum virgatum, Panicgrass or Switchgrass

Phalaris arundinacea, Reed Canary Grass*

Schizachyrium scoparium, Little Bluestem

Sorghum halapense, Johnson Grass* Invasive

Polemoniaceae

Phlox carolina, Carolina Phlox

Phlox spp., Phlox

Phlox stolinifera, Creeping Phlox

Phlox subulata, Emerald Blue Phlox*

Polemonium reptans, Jacob’s Ladder

Polygonaceae

Brunnichia ?

Fallopia multiflora, Heshouwu*

Fallopia scandens, Climbing Wild Buckwheat

Polygonum or Persicaria spp., Knotweed, Smartweed, Lady’s Thumb

Rumex acetosella, Sheep Sorrel

Rumex crispus, Curly Dock

Rumex obtusifolia, Obtuse Yellow Dock

Rumex sanguineus, Bloody Dock

Tovara virginiana, Virginia Jumpseed

Portulacaceae 

Portulaca oleracea, Purslane

Primulaceae

Dodecatheon media, Shooting Star

Lysimachia japonica, Dwarf Creeping Jenny Minutissima variety*

Primula auricula, Yellow Mountain Cowslip

Primula meadia, Shooting Star

Ranunculaceae

Actaea pachypoda, Doll’s Eyes

Actaea racemosa, Black Cohosh

Anemone pulsatilla, Pasqueflower, Wind Flower, Easter Flower

Anemone quinquefolia, Wood Anemone

Anemone virginiana, Thimbleweed

Aquilegia canadensis, Columbine

Clematis virginiana, Virgin’s Bower

Clematis spp., Ornamental

Delphinium tricorne, Wild Larkspur

Hepatica acutiloba,  Sharp-lobed Hepatica

Hepatica nobilis, Liverwort, Liverleaf

Hydrastis canadensis, Goldenseal

Ranunculus abortivus, Small-flowered Crowfoot 

Ranunculus bulbosus, Bulb-bearing Buttercup*

Thalictrum dioicum, Meadow Rue

Xanthorhiza simplicissima, Yellowroot

Rosaceae

Agrimonia parviflora, Small Flowering Agrimony

Agrimonia rostellata, Beaked Agrimony 

Alchemilla vulgaris, Lady’s Mantle*

Aruncus dioicus, Goatsbeard

Duchesnea indica, Indian Strawberry*

Filipendula rubra, Meadowsweet or Queen of the Prairie

Fragaria sp., Strawberry*

Geum sp., Avens

Potentilla canadensis, Dwarf Cinquefoil

Potentilla simplex, Common Cinquefoil 

Sanguisorba minor, Salad Burnet*

Spirea japonica, Japanese Spirea* Invasive

Rubiaceae

Diodia virginiana, Buttonweed

Galium aparine, Cleavers*

Galium lanceolatum, Wild Licorice or Lance-leaved Gallium

Galium odorata, Sweet Woodruff*

Houstonia purpurea, Purple Houstonia    

Mitchella repens, Partridgeberry or Squaw Vine(name is of Algonquian origin) Species of concern

Rubia tinctoria, Madder*

Rutaceae

Ruta graveolens, Rue*

Saururaceae

Anemopsis californica, Yerba Mansa*

Houtonia sp., Vietnamese Coriander*

Saururus cernuus, Lizard’s Tail

Saxifragaceae 

Astilbe biternata, Appalachian Goat’s-beard

Astilbe sp., Ornamental*

Heuchera americana, American Alumroot

Heuchera spp., Coral Bells

Micranthes micranthidifolia, Branch Lettuce

Mitella diphylla, Miterwort or Bishop’s Cap

Tiarella cordifolia, Foam Flower

Scrophulariaceae 

Scrophularia ningpoensis, Xuan Shen*

Scrophularia nodosa, Figwort*

Verbascum blattaria, Moth Mullein

Verbascum thapsus, Mullein 

Smilacaceae 

Smilax glauca, Greenbrier or Sarsparilla

Smilax herbacea, Smooth Carrion Flower

Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbriar or Catbriar  

Solanaceae 

Brugmansia versicolor, Apricot Angel’s trumpet*

Datura sp.

Datura stramonium, Datura/Jimson weed

Nicandra physalodes, Apple of Peru

Nicotiana sp., Tobacco*

Solanum americanum, Black Nightshade

Solanum carolinense, Carolina Horse Nettle

 

Trilliaceae 

Trillium cuneatum, Sweet Betsy or Purple Toadshade

Trillium catesbaei, Nodding Pink Flowering Trillium

Trillium erectum, Stinking Willie

Trillium luteum, Yellow Trillium

Trillium rugelii, Southern or Tall Nodding Trillium    

Typhaceae

Typha angustifolia or latifolia, Cattail*(Invasive)

Urticaceae 

Laportea canadensis, Wood Nettle

Pilea pumila, Clearweed 

Urtica dioica, Stinging Nettle*

 

Verbenaceae

Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain

Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain*

Verbena urticifolia, White Vervain 

Violaceae

Viola blanda, Sweet white Violet

Viola hastata, Halberd-leaved Violet

Viola padata, Birdfoot Violet  

Viola pallens, Northern White Violet 

Viola palmata, Early Blue Violet

Viola pubescens, Yellow Woodland Violet

Viola sororia var. sororia, Common Blue or Confederate Violet

Vitaceae 

Parthenocissus quinquifolia, Virginia Creeper

Vitis sp., Fox Grape 

Vitis sp., Scuppernong

Vitis sp., Grape* 

Suspected species:  

Bladder Campion, Coral-root Orchid, Mountain Pepper Bush, Straggling St Johns Wort, Table Mountain Pine, Vermilion Pimpernel and Whorled Loosestrife 

Ferns:

Aspleniaceae 

Asplenium platyneuron, Ebony Spleenwort 

Athyriaceae

Athyrium niponicum, Japanese Painted Fern*

Dryopteridaceae 

Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas Fern

Huperziaceae (a clubmoss family)

Huperzia lucidula, Shinning Clubmoss

Lycopodiaceae (a clubmoss family)

Diphasiastrum digitatum, Fan Clubmoss

Lycopodium spp., Running Cedar

Onocleaceae

Matteuccia struthiopteris, Ostrich Fern

Ophioglossaceae

Botrypus virginianus,  Rattlesnake Fern or Sang-pointer

Osmundaceae

Osmunda regalis, Royal Fern

Sinopteridaceae

Adiantum capillus-veneris or pedatum, Maiden Hair Fern

Woodsiaceae

Athyrium filix-femina subsp. angustum or filix- femina subsp. aspleniodes, Lady Fern

Onoclea sensibilis, Senstive Fern

Polypodiaceae 

Pleopeltis polypodioides, Resurrection fern

Polypodium appalachianum, Appalachian Polypod 

Thelypteridaceae 

Phegopteris hexagonoptera, Broad Beech Fern

Thelypteris noveboracensis, New York Fern  

Mosses and lichens:

Atrichium sp.

Bryoandersonia sp. 

Fissidens sp.  

Thuidium sp.

Ulota crispa

Umbilicaria americanus, Rock Trype

Usnea

Fungi: 

Chlorociboria aeruginascens, Blue-Green Stain Fungus 

Hygrophorus flavescens, Yellow Waxy Cap 

Marasmius rotula, Pinwheel Mushroom

Morchella esculenta, Morel

Phellinus robiniae, Locust Polypore

Pleurotus ostreatus, Oyster Mushroom 

Russula sp., Russula 

Scutellinia scutellata, Eyelash Cup Fungus

Stereum ostrea, Oyster Shaped Stereum

Trametes versicolor, Common Turkey Tail 

Tremellodendron pallidum, False Jelly Coral

Trichaptum biforme, Violet-toothed Polypore

Xylaria polymorpha, Dead-man’s Fingers

also: lobster, old man of the woods, shitake, honey, puffball, chicken of the woods, bolete, beefstake, birdsnest, chantrell, jack-o-lantern, cordyceps

Slimemolds: 

Lycogala epidendrum, Wolf’s Milk Slime Mold

Stemonitis splendens, Chocolate Tube-Slime 

Birds: (Seen or heard on the Property)

Crow, American Goldfinch, Robin, Barn Swallow, Black Billed Cuckoo, Black and White Warbler, Blue Bird, Blue Jay, Carolina Chickadee, Carolina Wren, Cedar Waxwing, Cooper’s Hawk, Dark-eyed Junco, Eastern Phoebe, Eastern Towhee, Evening Grosbeak, Flycather, Gray Catbird, Grouse, Golden-crowned Kinglet, Hooded Warbler, Indigo Bunting, Mourning Dove, Cardinal, Northern Harrier, Northern Mockingbird, Oven Bird, Barn Owl, Barred Owl, Screech Owl, Painted Bunting, Pheasant, Red-Eyed Vireo, Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, Scarlet Tanager, Song Sparrow and other Sparrows, Tree Creeper, Tufted Titmouse, Turkey Vulture, Wild Turkey, Winter Wren, Woodpeckers: Downy, Hairy, Red-bellied, Pileated and Northern Flicker

Significant Invertebrate: 

Halyomorpha halys, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug- Invading the home and land!!!!

Hypochilidae, Lampshade Spider. One of the oldest known lineages of living spiders.  Lives in wide funnel/lampshade shaped webs on rock boulders or overhangs.  Found on boulder near waterfall.

Mantis religiosa, European mantis

Meloe americanus, Blue-humpbacked-blister Beetle

Ground Wasps. Beware!

 

Mary Morgaine’s first introduction to Herb Mountain Farm and the Cosmincident that followed.

“Be very careful what you set your heart upon, for you will surely have it.”

-Ralph Waldo Emerson

   In 2005, A friend called and asked me if I wanted to help her mulch a big field before planting it in garlic, and I took up the opportunity for some extra work. I wanted to wean from my many hours of one-on-one work with special needs children and adults and bring in more physical labor and outdoor work into my life. When I arrived at Herb Mountain Farm, where the field work was happening, I knew I had landed in a place that would play a significant role along my life path. I had no idea how significant that would be, though!

   Hart, the owner of the farm, came out and gave us explicit instructions on how we were to lay the hay so that the least amount of weeds could get through. Some of the hay bales were old and packed so tightly it was like wrestling a beast to pull away tufts of hay. Pitchfork by pitchfork, we spread the hay all over the half-acre field. It took days. I loved every minute of it though, as we sang while spreading the hay and periodically I would stop to do cartwheels or handstands along the edge of the plot. I was outside and using my body and I felt free in a way that had been lost for years! I loved this work.

   I stayed on for the garlic planting, and Hart and I hit it off quite well. He was full of experiential knowledge of organic farming, having done it for longer than I had been alive, and very generous. He saw that I was eager to work and asked if I wanted to give working there three days a week a try for a month, being a farm hand and groundskeeper- a general helper with whatever needed to be done around the property that I could manage. He paid well, too, and I said I would be honored, and thus my job at Hart’s begun. 

   This work was more than I could have known to ask for as far as honing my strengths and transforming my weaknesses. I became physically stronger than I had been at any time in my life and most of the time I worked alone (with Savannah my dog, always by my side) so I had the chance to observe nature, sing and imagine, to my heart’s content. 

   Several months of the year were dedicated to garlic, Allium sativum. Mulching, planting, weeding and watering the beds, harvesting, curing and storing, cleaning and then selling it. For the several years that I worked so intimately with the garlic, I had quite a purification happen. I understood why garlic was the herb used to scare off demons and vampires, for being in its presence so often brought to the surface old “demons” in me and helped send them on their way. Every one of us has shadow sides and most of us spend our life trying to avoid seeing them. I felt that working with the garlic left the uglies in me with nowhere to hide. It was some powerful medicine. 

   When I was not dealing with garlic, Hart taught me how to correctly prune fruit trees, build rock paths, prep and clean beehives, maintain the goose pen and chicken house, build and enrich the soil, grow an array of vegetables, transplant anything big or small, save seeds, clean out well cisterns, dig ditches, build swales, cultivate berry hedges, and manage large tracts of land from bramble and bittersweet vines taking over. In short, the years at Harts’ taught me how to love and steward a piece of land with consciousness.

   Hart was patient with me when I made mistakes and freely shared his knowledge with me on any topic. Not only was he an incredible employer, he was a friend. I had been learning organic gardening and sustainable living practices since 1993 and implementing them here and there, but working at Herb Mountain Farm allowed me to take this passion to another level and get genuine hands on experience in basic homesteading. 

   In 2007, during the planting of the garlic, I, unawares,  lost my special turquoise ring. When I was 19 years old, in the early 90’s, and living in Bellingham, Washington going to Fairhaven College, I met a street vender who had a turquoise ring for sale—the thought of this ring kept drawing me back to his table day after day. I finally came up with the $20 to buy it and felt so thrilled to have it on my finger. 

   It did not remain there well, however, as over the years I would lose it periodically only to find it again in the strangest of places. Usually I could not remember where or when I lost it, as though it had just vanished. When I would notice that it was no longer on my finger, I would wonder, “When did this happen?”

   The stone itself had started to fall out of its silver setting and would disappear for weeks at a time. Once, I found it lying in the yard, a turquoise glow catching my eye. Another time someone found it in an auditorium after it had been missing for months. When I met a jewelry maker at a Nanci Griffith concert and asked if she could fix the ring, she agreed to put the stone into a new setting that would embrace it better, as well as fit my finger more securely.

   So I left the ring, my address, and $50 with her, along with complete faith in its return. Three months later I received it in the mail, looking beautiful in its new band.

   I wore it for a couple months, and then it disappeared again. This time it took missing for one and a half years. I knew it would turn up again at some point. On the spring equinox of 2006, I completed my seasonal ritual of harvesting ‘black gold’–my worm castings compost pile. The months of kitchen waste had been transformed into three 5-gallon bucket-fulls of beautiful soil. As I stored the buckets away for later use, I scooped out a quart of it to dress my houseplants.

   As I spread the finished compost on my beloved ficus tree, the ring peaked out of the ‘black gold’.  I stared in awe, then grabbed the ring and went to lie down in my yard under the silver maple tree and just cried with the magnificence of the moment. The ring had spent a year and a half in the transformation process of turning plant matter back into rich earth, which is some of the most basic, important work there is to a healthy planet, and so I felt like I had been crowned a queen to wear this ring again after what it had been through.

   It stayed on for six months until that autumn when it disappeared again. It was during the garlic-planting season at Herb Mountain Farm that it went missing.  But again, it could have fallen off anywhere, for when I realized it was not on my finger, I was in that spellbound place of wondering how long it had been gone.

   About nine months later, I started thinking about my lovely turquoise ring strongly. I said a prayer to the Almighty, “If this ring shows up again, I will never doubt your hand of Grace that rules my life. There will be no more room for worries or fears if this comes back to me yet another time.” Big statement, I know.

   I had a gold journal that I called Ceridwyn’s Cauldron in which I wrote down things that I wish to do or have; things that I do not have time to do currently in my life but hope to some day, or things I cannot yet afford, and other things that are beyond my control. I delegate these matters to the Great Mystery, where magic and miracles are always unfolding. I wrote down ‘The Ring’.

   A couple days later, in June, I was harvesting the quarter acre or more of the fall-planted garlic at the farm with a group of women. One of the women on the other side of the field from me pulled up a garlic plant and gasped, for there was a ring at its base. I walked over and saw that it was the ring, my turquoise ring, attached at the base of the leaves and the head of the bulb!!! I asked to hold the stalk and immediately began trembling with such a powerful knowing of Divine love and the respect of being heard, that all I could do was cry with joy and in humbleness and lift it up my arms to the heavens in praises. We were all in amazement!

   The ring had fallen off while I was planting the garlic cloves in the field, 9 months before!  Apparently a clove sprouted in the center of the ring and kept it held close, underground until the garlic fully developed into its potential, bringing back the ring to light with the harvest.

   I think of this as a cosmincident– a lining up with the cosmos- a celebratory event. 

   11 years later, Hart and I are almost at our journey’s goal of opening up a Learning and Lodging Center, the transformation and transition of Herb Mountain Farm. I see this being a place of healing, learning, growing and cosmincidences. I still think that ring, that piece of gemstone that grew in the deep veins of Mother Earth, returning back to earth an then light, again and again, is in part responsible for this .🌞 

 

In the late 90’s, Hart and his then wife, Monika, built a home to raise three special needs children they adopted. As it was being built, Hart had a dream of one day using the building as a bed and breakfast-type lodge, for people to come and stay, learn and relax on the farm, and he would serve them farm to table meals. Being a chef and gardener, these two things bring Hart his greatest joy– growing food and cooking it for people!

It was in 2015 that we actually began the remodel of this building to become Veritas Lodge, and even though Hart had made several things from the get go that helped it be more adaptable for a lodge, it has still been a lot of work, with many unexpected twists and turns. I bet anyone starting a new venture would say that! The open space studio and dining room are still not complete for photographing, but here are photos of some of our transformations:

The dining room was a garage (left)

Inside garage before dining room

Seth and Nathan laying tile in the dining room

Justin and Annika making the entrance a beautiful place

The stucco process

Hart and Seth laying the stone path entrance

Entrance currently

Tree room before bathroom was added

Tree room closet transformed into bathroom

Tree room closet transformed into bathroom

Tree room

Flower room before

Flower room after

Fern Room before

Fern Room after

Little lovelies playing on the mattresses before they were installed in the bunks

Justin painting the high walls

Arnold dumping gravel for future cement pour

Back patio prep for concrete pour

Continual prep of back patio for concrete pour

Jonathan working on the project

Concrete pour complete- now we need tables and chairs!

Hart on track hoe landscaping/piping outside of Veritas Lodge

Same view later in the year

The septic project that nearly did Hart in

Never knew poop could cost so much!

Chris helping with the drainage field, and Nadia “helping” too

Morgaine working on parking area

Things are looking better, but when will they ever be complete? 🙂